The oldest inhabitants of the Department of
Madre de Dios are the indigenous Amazonian
Indians belonging to the linguistic families
Harakambut, Arawak, Tacana and Pano.
Archaeological evidence points to an
occupation of this vast territory by these
people of several thousand years.
Approximately 4,000 indigenous people
The majority have been "contacted" and now
live in permanently settled indigenous
communities near the major river systems.
However, a number of groups still live a
very secluded nomadic life deep within the
forests in areas such as Manu, Piedras and